A post is being widely shared on social media claiming that a community that is 18% of India’s population (a reference to the Muslim population) is highly contributing to social evils. The post even claims that the community is responsible for 98% rapes, 95% robberies, 100% terrorism, 300% increase in population explosion, 800% use of government facilities, but only 0.1% tax contribution. According to Census 2011 data, the Muslim population in India is more than 14%. Let us fact-check the claim made in the post.
Claim: Muslim population in India contributes to 98% rapes, 95% robberies, 100% terrorism, 300% population explosion, 800% use of government facilities, but only contribute 0.1% tax.
Fact: There is no evidence to show that Muslims in India carry out 98% rapes, 95% robberies, 100% terrorism, 300% population explosion, and use 800% of government facilities; but only contribute 0.1% tax to government. Government of India does not release crime statistics, and tax related data based on religion. Hence, the claim made in the post is MISLEADING.
National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) is the nodal agency for the compilation of crime statistics in India. These are not released religion-wise. NCRB released ‘Crime in India 2020’ report on its website. In the document, there is no reference to religion as a category for recording crime. In chapter 3- ‘Crime Against Women’ also, there is no reference to any religion.
Earlier, a viral claim that out of 84,374 rapes in 2016-18, 81000 were committed by Muslims, was debunked by Factly in 2019.
According to data compiled by the NCRB and updated till 31 December 2020, over 72% of undertrial prisoners are Hindu and nearly 21% are Muslims.
There are two types of taxes; one is the direct tax, and the other is the indirect tax. The government of India does not release direct or indirect tax data based on religion. The Income Tax department releases the figures of direct tax collection, but these are also not based on religion. The methodology adopted in Income Tax Return statistics is also not based on any religion. The data related to Goods and Services Tax (GST) is also not based on any religion.
Earlier, a viral claim that, Sikhs contribute 33% Income Tax in India was debunked through a fact-check article by Factly in 2019. The direct tax collection data is not released based on religion.
To sum it up, the Government of India does not release crime statistics and tax-related data based on religion.