As per the Prison Statistics India reports of the NCRB, 83 jail break incidents were reported in the country between 2011 and 2015. Almost half of these incidents (41) were reported from Rajasthan alone. Delhi accounted for close to 60% of all incidents of clashes in jails during this period.
The escape of 8 members of the banned Students’ Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) from Bhopal’s central jail and their subsequent killing in an encounter has once again put the spotlight on jail breaks the country. As per the National Crime Record Bureau’s (NCRB) annual publication, ‘Prison Statistics India’ (PSI), there have been a total of 83 jail breaks in India between 2011 and 2015.
The Prison Statistics India Report
The PSI is one of the three annual publications of the NCRB. The data for the PSI report is collected through a standard proforma, from the state governments. The PSI collects the following information from the states among other things.
- Capacity & occupancy of prisons
- Type of prison inmates
- Distribution of convicts & under trial prisoners
- Demographic particulars of the prison inmates
- Period of detention of the under trials
- Deaths in jails
- Vocational training in jails
- Prison budget & expenditure
- Details of escapes & jail breaks
83 Jail breaks between 2011 & 2015
As per PSI reports, there have been a total of 83 jail break incidents in the country between 2011 and 2015. There have been 28 jail breaks in 2011, the highest in the 5-year period while 2013 saw only 5 jail break incidents, the lowest during this period. The number of jail break incidents has increased to 26 in 2015 from 16 in 2014.
Within the states, Rajasthan accounted for 41 of the 83 jail breaks in the country during this period. In fact, 27 of the 28 jail break incidents in 2011 and 12 of the 26 such incidents in 2015 were in Rajasthan. Uttar Pradesh witnessed 14 such incidents during this period. 13 of these 14 jail breaks in Uttar Pradesh were in 2014 & 2015 alone. Madhya Pradesh accounted for 5 such incidents while Punjab witnessed 4 jail breaks during this period.
More than 60% of the clashes in Jails were in Delhi
Between 2011 and 2015, a total of 836 incidents of clashes in jails were reported. The lowest such incidents were reported in 2011 (31) and the highest such incidents were reported in 2014 (255). Close to 60% or 501 of these incidents were reported from jails in Delhi alone. The next highest number of clashes in jails were reported from Rajasthan (82). West Bengal & Haryana are the only two other states in the country that witnessed more than 50 incidents of clashes during this period.