Making Sense of the Assembly Bye-Election Results

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Out of the 10 constituencies that went for bye-polls, the BJP won 5 with a net gain of 2 and the Congress held onto its 3 seats.  

The results of the bye-elections to ten (10) different Assembly constituencies were declared yesterday. These 10 constituencies are in eight (8) different states. The BJP won 5 of these, Congress won 3 and Trinamool Congress & the JMM won one each.

Himachal Pradesh (Bhoranj)

Bhoranj in Himachal Pradesh was held by the BJP before this Election. The BJP retained this seat though their vote share has gone down by more than 7%. Even the Congress’s vote share has gone down this time around because of an independent who polled close to 10% of the total vote.

YearPolling PercentageBJP Vote shareCongress Vote ShareWinner
201270.3359.5136.82BJP
201761.4752.1634.46BJP

 

Karnataka (Gundlupet, Nanjangud)

Both Gundlupet & Nanjangud were held by the Congress. The Congress retained both these seats and increased its vote share in both the seats. The reason why the BJP’s vote share in 2013 was very low is because former BJP CM Yeddyurappa had floated a regional outfit, the KJP in 2013 and KJP won a substantial vote share in both these places in 2013. The JD(S) also contested in Nanjangud in 2013, but this time it was a straight fight between the Congress & the BJP.

YearPolling PercentageBJP Vote shareCongress Vote ShareWinner
2013 (Gundlupet)85.311.2345.42Congress
2017 (Gundlupet)87.0845.3751.59Congress
2013 (Nanjangud)76.215.0236.01Congress
2017 (Nanjangud)77.4541.555.15Congress

 

Madhya Pradesh (Ater, Bandhavgarh)

The BJP & the Congress held one seat each in Madhaya Pradesh. Both the parties retained their respective seats. In Ater, the BJP substantially improved its vote share and lost by a whisker. The Congress also improved its vote share here. The absense of  a BSP candidate who polled more than 17% in 2013 resulted in a two-way fight between the Congress & the BJP. In Bandhavgarh, the BJP won comfortably and both the parties increased its vote share, again thanks to BSP not contesting.

YearPolling PercentageBJP Vote shareCongress Vote ShareWinner
2013 (Ater)58.2130.1940.29Congress
2017 (Ater)58.3047.3148.01Congress
2013 (Bandhavgarh)75.6846.5733.58BJP
2017 (Bandhavgarh)67.2454.9536.13BJP

 

Rajasthan (Dholpur)

The BSP won this seat in 2013 elections with a vote share of close to 38%. With the BSP not choosing to contest this time, the entire BSP vote seems to have gone to the BJP and it increased its vote share by a whopping 35%.

YearPolling PercentageBJP Vote shareCongress Vote ShareWinner
201381.3426.8230.87BSP
201777.1461.7935.69BJP

 

West Bengal (Kanthi Dakshin)

The Trinamool Congress won this seat in 2016. This time around, it won handsomely with an increased vote share. But the real story of this election is BJP’s second place finish. In 2016, the CPI had won 34.22% vote and was in the second place. This time around, it has been relegated to the third place with only 10.21% vote share. The BJP gained more than 22% vote compared to 2016.

YearPolling PercentageBJP Vote shareTrinamool Congress Vote shareWinner
201684.918.7653.72Trinamool Congress
201782.0830.9755.89Trinamool Congress

 

Jharkhand (Littipara)

This seat was won the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) in 2014 with a vote share of 45.93%. The JMM retained this seat with a 46.39% vote share. The BJP improved its vote share, but could not win. The Congress did not contest this time around.

YearPolling PercentageBJP Vote shareCongress Vote shareWinner
201475.9628.788.5JMM
201774.2837.26Did not contestJMM

 

Delhi (Rajouri Garden)

The real story of this round of bye-elections is from Delhi. In 2015, the AAP won this seat with a vote share of 46.55%. The Akali Dal candidate (BJP’s ally in 2015) won 38.04% votes while the Congress could win only 12% vote. This time around, the Akali Dal candidate contested on a BJP ticket and won with a vote share of 51.99%. Last time winner the AAP has been relegated to the 3rd place with just 13.12% vote and forfeited its deposit. The Congress on the other hand recovered from its 2015 drubbing and polled 33.23% vote. It has to be noted that that overall polling percentage in 2017 decreased by over 25% compared to 2015.

YearPolling PercentageBJP Vote shareAAP Vote shareWinner
201572.3638.0446.55AAP
201746.4751.9913.12BJP

 

Assam (Dhemaji)

The BJP won this seat in 2016 with a vote share of 40.9%. It retained this seat with an increased vote share. The Congress also increased its vote share by over 14% since it was a two-way fight between the Congress & the BJP this time around.

YearPolling PercentageBJP Vote shareCongress Vote ShareWinner
201680.8040.9029.66BJP
201768.0950.1343.95BJP

 

The BJP gains, Congress holds on and other lose

The BJP which held only 3 out of these 10 seats before this election has won 5 seats now gaining 2, one each from the AAP and BSP. The Congress on the other hand was able to hold on to the 3 seats it held before this election. The AAP & the BSP lost their seat while the Trinamool Congress & the JMM retained their respective seat.

WhenHeld by BJPHeld by CongressHeld by Others
Before334
After532

 

Featured Image: Assembly Bye-Election Results

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