How much do various countries contribute to the UN Budget?

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The United Nations is the foremost international organization with 193 member countries in its fold. The UN is funded by its member countries and the contribution of each member country is determined based on an assessment done every three years. The assessment takes into account the GNP, per capita income & external debt of countries for fixing the quantum of contribution. The USA contributes the most to the UN regular budget with 22% while India contributes the 24th highest with 0.737%

The United Nations (UN) is an international organization founded in 1945.  It is currently made up of 193 Member States.  The mission and work of the United Nations are guided by the purposes and principles contained in its founding Charter.

Article 17 of the U.N. Charter specifies that the U.N. General Assembly will determine the basis for payment of the expenses of the organization. The expenses shall be borne by the Members as decided by the General Assembly.

What is the basis for deciding the quantum of contribution of each member?

Each member state of the UN is obligated to contribute to the UN. The contribution is calculated on the basis of scale of assessments. The Committee on Contributions is entrusted with the job of deciding the quantum of contribution.

To determine the scale of assessments, the Committee on Contributions uses estimates of each member state’s gross national product (GNP) and a number of adjustments, including data for external debt and for low per capita incomes. The assessment thus takes into account the country’s share of the global Gross National product with discounts given for low per-capita income and the country’s external debt. This is with respect to the regular budget of the UN. Similar assessments are done for other organizations of the UN including the peacekeeping operations. For deciding contribution to the peace keeping operations, adjustments are made for average per capita GNP compared to global average GNP.

The General Assembly has directed that percentage shares range from a minimum of 0.001% to a maximum of 22%, and a maximum of 0.01% for those nations designated as “least developed countries.”

The scale of assessments is normally reviewed after every three years.  The current time period of assessments is for the years 2016-2018.

Who contributes the most to the regular UN budget?

As expected, United States of America contributes the highest with a share of 22%. USA’s GNP is approximately 27% of the total GNP of all the member countries of the UN and thus its highest share of contribution is justified.

Japan contributes the second highest with 9.68%, followed by China (7.921%), Germany (6.389%), France (4.859%) and UK (4.463%) in the top five. Brazil contributes about  3.823% and is 6th in this list.

18 Countries contribute more than 1% each to the UN regular budget. 135 countries contribute less than 0.1% each including India’s neighbours Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal.

un-budget-top-10Out of the 193 countries part of the UN, the top 20 countries contribute 83.78% while the other 173 countries contribute 16.22% only. The top 10 contributors account for 68.89% of the total contributions. The total regular UN budget for the year 2016-17 is $ 5.6 billion.

un-budget-top-20-vs-restHow much does India Contribute?

According to the assessment made for the years 2016-18, India has to contribute 0.737% to the UN regular budget. This puts India in the 24th place in the list of highest contributors. Based on the assessment by the contributions committee, India’s contribution to the UN regular budget was fixed at 0.534% for 2009-12 and 0.666% for 2013-2015.

India’s contribution to the UN regular budget was 16.97 million dollars in 2012-13, 17.19 million dollars in 2013-14 and 18.07 million dollars in 2014-15. India’s actual share is 19.82 million dollars in 2014-15, but is given a credit of 1.74 million dollars for the income tax exemption extended by India for the UN staff working in India.

united nations budget contributions by member countries_india contribution

India also contributed to the other UN agencies like the UNDP, UNICEF, UNEP etc. India’s contribution to UN peacekeeping operations was fixed at 0.1068% for the period 2009-12 and at 0.1332% for the period 2013-15 and 0.1474% for the period 2016-18.

India’s total contribution to the UN was Rs 138 crore in 2013-14, Rs 157 crore in 2014-15 and Rs 244 crore in 2015-16. Among the BRICS nations, India’s contribution is more than only South Africa. Brazil. Russia and China contribute more than India.

Featured Image:By Wilfried Huss / Anonymous [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

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25 Comments

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  4. So America provides by far more funds to this organization than any other country in the world, and the world says “screw you America!” How about we withdraw our funds and use it for our citizens and military and kick the UN out. Then, when anyone needs some help, they won’t have to take any money from us as we are so reviled throughout the world.

  5. If we pay more, then our votes should count accordingly. I. E., if we give 25%, then our UN vote should count as 4 votes.

    • Unfortunately, as in the U.S., there are those in the world who buy into the mentality of “why should we have to do more to help ourselves?” They can sit on their collective ass, let someone else (as in the U.S.) carry more load than they do individually and then bite the hand that feeds.

      What other country has rushed to the aid of friends and foes alike more than the U.S.? Who has built and rebuilt more countries/infrastructure than the U.S.? Whose military has given more lives in the defense of others than the U.S.? And don’t give me that tired old “talking point” of the U.S. being the cause of all ills in the world through our aggression. Remember Pearl Harbor? Remember the Holocost? Remember 9/11? I could go on and on about the atrocities carried out by the thugs of the world–those same thugs that are more than likely spending some of our UN funds right now to bankroll their terrorist activities.

      I know there are so many countries not nearly as fortunate and blessed as the U.S. But, you know what, if your country is so poor it cannot provide for its citizenry, stop breeding like rabbits–that should be you first step. And, before you say what about the U.S., I would and do tell those in this country if you cannot provide for either yourself or a child, practice effective birth control. One “unplanned” pregnancy is a mistake, more than one is stupid and reprehensible. And no, abortion as a means of birth control is not the solution.

      Secondly, clean up the corruption in your own government so that any resources go to those who actually need them. Until you do that, you cannot and should not be given resources from any other country.

      It really is a shame–some of these poor countries can trace their civilization back centuries if not millennia and they still can’t make it without a handout. I guess that goes to show that there will always be those who will work tirelessly to improve their lot in life and that of generations to come and there will always be those who want to take from others without any real contribution.

      And Don, you are right. The U.S. Vote in the UN should carry more weight, but we all know that won’t happen.

      • What about the veto power the US has. If they can block any resolution that passes through the UN, with only their vote, would you not say their vote carries more weight than the 190+ nations in the UN that don’t have this veto power?

      • The US didnt just happen to become the wealthiest country in the world. You guys became that rich by structuring the global order to suit your interests and plunder the wealth of other nations. So dont give me that ccondescending BS about America selfishly helping out the world, that’s just not true. You plundered the world.

        • Oh and those corrupt governents you talk about? The US actively keeps them in power. It is the largest supplier of military equipment to horrible dictatorships that use it on their own people.

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  8. Please put the 1.2 Billion$ the US are contributing to UN in relation with the 590billion$ the US are spending every year for his army. This billion is peanuts. But probably much more effective for peace, than any of the other 590 ones.

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  10. Comment dites-vous cela?
    Ask me no questions and I’ll tell no lies.

    This data has more to do with Hindia trying to promote itself as nice guys when in reality its the boogeyman of SARC- RAW having created and trained terrorist at Bangladesh, Sri Lanka Nepal. – Mukti Bahini, LTTE…
    Ronald Reagan turned a blind eye to Franco of Spain and Alvarez of Portugal yet non of the citizens die of hunger then and now.
    30 years of WTO and 1.38 billion Mandarin speakers do not go hungry and there is plenty and more.
    While at the adjoining land of 1.34 billion after 70 years of independence and ruled by
    ancestors of Turco-Mongol’s hunger, death, population explosion and graft is a way of life.
    Politicians have no shame in passing the buck expecting Caritas to rescue them
    A greedy nation of hindutavas planning to take on the world stage by fraud.

  11. southernwonder on

    the usa spends about 1.25 bils on the u.n. – 22 pct of u.n.’s 5.6 bil budget. usa spends about 10 times that money on foreign aid on a few select countries that have strong lobbies in washinton dc. may be the u.n. might get more money if it has a lobbying office in washington dc.

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