India, Stories

35% Faculty positions vacant in Government Higher Education Institutes


Ask any who’s who of the country about their educational background. A majority of them would mention one of these names; IIT, IIM, IISC, NIT etc. The prestigious institutes of higher education in the country are facing a severe crunch of Faculty. The institutes of higher learning under the Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) face a faculty shortage to an extent of 35% according to the latest data available with the government.


(Data as available with Ministry of HRD as on 25th November, 2014. Data includes Visiting, Adjunct & Contract Faculty also)

Bleak Scenario

TypeNameFaculty Strength (Sanctioned)Faculty Strength (Current)VacantVacancy %
IITsIndian Institute of Technology66534079257439%
IIITsIndian Institute of Information Technology2531629136%
IIMsIndian Institute of Management76657718925%
IISERsIndian Institute of Science Education and Research86174611513%
SPAsSchool of Planning and Architecture672618548%
NITsNational Institute of Technology60564292176429%
CUsCentral Universities1632810058627038%


IITs top the list with 39% vacancies and Central Universities follow with 38% vacancies. One would assume that a large number of new institutions were setup in the last few years and that their faculty numbers might be contributing to this overall number. But this assumption is not supported by numbers. The new IITs face only a 22% shortage while the old IITs face a much greater 41% faculty crunch. Some of the oldest institutions like IIT Roorke, IIT BHU have more than half their faculty positions vacant. IIT Bhubaneshwar has a shortage of only 4%.

Out of IIMs, IIM Indore is facing a 52% shortage while IIM Ranchi is facing a 48% shortage. IIM Udaipur & IIM Raipur are the only two IIMs with no shortage of faculty. The older IIMs at Ahmedabad, Calcutta & Bangalore are also facing a severe shortage of faculty. IIM Ahmedabad is the worst hit with a 29% shortage.

Faculty positions in Higher Education: Percentage of Vacancies in Govt Higher Education Insititutes

Out of the NITs, 5 of them are facing a shortage of over 40%. NIT Delhi tops the list with 50% shortage of faculty. The NITs in Raipur, Uttarakhand & Meghalaya are each facing only an 8% shortage of faculty. In terms of the overall numbers, NITs seem to be better placed than the IITs with only a 29% shortage of faculty.

Out of all the institutes, the School of Planning & Architecture (SPAs) seem to be better placed in terms of faculty. They only have a shortage of 8%.

Even in the Central Universities, it is the old universities that are worst hit. Delhi University has a shortage of more than 50% closely followed by University of Allahabad.

Student/Faculty Ratio

TypeNameTotal NoStudent StrengthFaculty Strength (Current)Student/Faculty Ratio
IITsIndian Institute of Technology1666002407916:1
IIITsIndian Institute of Information Technology4477616229:1
IIMsIndian Institute of Management1334895776:1
IISERsIndian Institute of Science Education and Research669977469:1
SPAsSchool of Planning and Architecture4716261812:1
NITsNational Institute of Technology3074810429217:1


In terms of Student/Faculty ratio, it is the IIMs that are doing best with one faculty for every 6 students. In the case of IITs, it is one faculty for every 16 students. IIITs have the worst ratio with one faculty for every 29 students. In NITs, there is one faculty for every 17 students.

Unless the government does something on a war footing, the situation is unlikely to change. It should incentivize bright minds to come back to education. It is a welcome sign that people like Manjul Bhargava are being involved in getting more scholars to teach in India.

Data Sources:

  • Unstarred Question Number 296, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Answered on 25-02-2015 in the Lok Sabha.

About Author

Rakesh has been working on issues related to Right to Information (RTI) for a decade. He is a Data/Information enthusiast & passionate about Governance/Policy issues.


  1. Aayush Tayal on

    A couple of questions for the author/admin?

    1. Why is there such a shortfall in faculty positions? Is it because there is a dearth of qualified teachers? A sometimes feel that colleges intentionally hire ad-hoc teachers to save up on salary payments.
    2. Has the HRD ministry come out with any plan to tackle this situation?

    Would love your thoughts on these.

    • The numbers here include adhoc and contract teachers as well. I mean the vacancy numbers are after taking into consideration both adhoc and contract as well. The vacancies could be for multiple reasons like lack of qualified teachers, teachers from established institutions moving to new institutions, establishment of new institutes, rise in student intake in the last few years etc. The government has to incentivize people to consider this as a good career option.

      • Lack of qualified teachers? Are you kidding…there are 100’s and of them available if a proper way of selection organized. And one among many reasons is the lack of availability of reserved candidates. Also the local and central government show no interest in filling all these vacancies with unreserved categories as they always wait for the right candidate from the reserved category to show up. Other reasons are “politics” and “non-reporting of vacant posts” within the institutes or universities. The whole system is really F**Ked up!

  2. Dr R K Mohanty on

    Pvt schools,colleges,engineering colleges and Medical colleges have been a source of business for the employers.
    Good and highly qualified facility members have been victimized by the employers.Students are also exploited by employers.
    That is the reason quality of Education is declining.
    Good teachers are harassed by the employers.
    Dr.R K Mohanty

  3. Dr R K Mohanty on

    Dear Politicians
    Give special cavity for edEducation and job for single girl children.
    Dr R K Mohanty

  4. Dr R K Mohanty on

    Dear Prime Minister
    Pass bill to give special facility in Education and job for single girl child .