There is a host of forms one needs to fill for contesting the Lok Sabha or Assembly election in the country. One of these forms is called the Form-B or more commonly known as the B-Form. This form is proof that a particular candidate is put up by a political party. The B-Form ensures that he is allotted the reserved symbol of the political party along with all the other advantages that come with the reserved symbol.
There is every chance that you must have heard about the B-Form during elections. This is probably the most important form for any citizen planning to contest elections on a party ticket. But what is a B-Form or Form-B?
Filing a Nomination
Once the elections have been notified by the Election Commission, interested candidates file their nomination. Nomination Paper has different formats for different elections.
- Nomination Paper in Form 2A for contesting election to the Lok Sabha
- Nomination Paper in Form 2B for contesting election to the Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly).
- Nomination Paper in Form 2C for contesting election to the Rajya Sabha
Filing an Affidavit along with the Nomination Form
Along with the relevant nomination form, an affidavit in Form 26 has to be furnished with the following particulars
- Particulars relating to criminal antecedents, if any, (cases of convictions and all pending cases)
- Details of PAN and status of filing of Income tax return of self, spouse and dependents
- Details of the assets (movable and immovable etc.)
- Liabilities/dues of candidate, spouse and all dependents to government and public financial institutions
- Details of profession or occupation of candidate and spouse
- Highest educational qualification of the candidate
- Contact details including telephone number, e-mail ID, social media accounts etc.
- Profession & Sources of Income of self & spouse
The candidates are required to fill up all columns in this form and no column can be left blank. If there is no information about any of the items, remarks such as ‘NIL’ or ‘Not Applicable’ or ‘Not Known’ has to be indicated in those columns. If a candidate fails to fill the blanks, the nomination paper is liable to be rejected by the Returning Officer at the time of scrutiny of nomination papers.
Then what is the B-Form?
In the relevant nomination form, candidates indicate if they are put up by a political party or contesting the election as an independent.
Those candidates, who indicate that they are put up by a political party, are required to submit two other forms in addition to the forms above, to prove that they are indeed put up by a political party.
- Form A: This form indicates the list of authorized Persons who can authorize the names of Candidates put up by political parties. This form has to be signed by the President or the Secretary of the Political Party along with the seal of the party. This form also has specimen signatures of the authorized persons.
- Form B: Form B or more commonly known as the B-Form is signed by the authorized person of the party indicating the name of the candidate who is put up by that political party. The filled in form has to be provided in a specific format. The form also has a provision to name a substitute in case the nomination of the approved candidate is rejected.
A candidate will be considered an independent and will not be allotted the reserved symbol of the party unless his name is indicated in the B-Form. Hence a lot of importance is attached to the B-Form and it is often given at the last minute to avoid rebels etc.